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Who were Britons? The Roman invasion of Britons or England

Who were Britons?The Britons were the Celtic people culturally dominating Great Britain from the British Iron Age until the Early Middle Ages. They spoke the Insular Celtic language known as British or Brythonic. They lived throughout Britain south of about the Firth of Forth, after the 5th century Britons also migrated to continental Europe where they established the settlements of Brittany in France and the obscure Britonia in what is now Galicia, Spain. Their relationship to the Picts north of the Forth has been the subject of much discussion.
The earliest evidence for the Britons and their language in historical sources dates to the Iron Age. After the Roman Conquest of 43 AD, a Romano-British culture began to emerge. With the advent of Anglo-Saxon settlement in the 5th century, the culture and language of the Britons began to fragment by the 11th century their descendants had split into distinct groups and are generally discussed separately as the Welsh, Cornish, and Britons. Th…
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The Norman Conquests of England: Effect of Norman Conquest on the Development of English Prose

The Norman Conquests of England: Effect of Norman Conquest on the Development of English Prose
Who were The Normans? Who led the Norman conquest of England?The Normans were originally a hardy race of sea robbers inhabiting Scandinavia. In the 10th century, they conquered a part of Northern France which is called Normandy and rapidly adopted the French culture and language. Their conquest of Anglo-Saxon England under William who was the Duke of Normandy began with the battle of Hastings in 1066 (Norman Conquest of 1066). The literature which they brought to England after the conquest is remarkable for its bright romantic tales of love and adventure and it was in contrast with the strength and somberness of Anglo-Saxon poetry.


How did the Normans changed England and English Literature?The conquest of England by the Norman seaman at first to crush the English people to destroy their literature and to threaten their speech but this expectation was wrong as the conqueror was conquered by th…

Waiting For Godot as an Absurd Play

Waiting For Godot as an Absurd Play
"The theatre of absurd" is a phrase taken from Albert Camus essay 'The Myth of Sisyphus" in which the writer defines the absurd as the tension which results from men determination to discover purpose and order in a world where they are hard to find. From the historical stand point the term is applied to a group of dramatists in 1920s who did not regard themselves as a scholar but seem to share certain attitudes towards the predecements of men in the modern world. 


The Absurdist DramatistsThe absurdist dramatists beleifs that our existence is absurd or meaningless because we are born to without seeking death. It is complex self defeating paradox, this check and balance of power ; importance of knowledge and ignorance which is the subject of absurdist playwright. "Waiting for Godot" follows the absurdist tendency and known as the Absurd Play for its certain characteristics. 



Waiting For GodotIn keeping with the character of t…

Biographia Literaria: Analysis of Fancy and Imagination

Biographia Literaria: Analysis of Coldridge's Fancy and Imagination
The Term Fancy and ImaginationDuring the 17th century, the term 'Imagination' and 'fancy' has often enough been used in a vaguely synonymous way to refer to the realm of facing tale or make belief. Yet here and there the term 'Imagination'  had tended to distinguish itself from fancy and settled towards a meaning centred in the sober literalism of sense impression and the survival of these in memory. Such is the distinction between imagination and fancy. 


Imagination and fancy in Biographia literaria Coldridge differed from Wordsworth in his aim and purpose, he was more preoccupied with the psychological process which the imaginative creations becomes more vitally important than the poems themselves. Although Coldridge has been expected as the more articulate and theoretical sportsmen between the two poets, Coldridge  has attributed to his own belief to the poetical practice of Wordsworth. A…

King Lear: Analysis of the Fool, Storm and Reconciliation Scene

King Lear:Analysis of the Fool, Storm and Reconciliation Scene

King Lear - The FoolKing Lear is the only play in which as Fool has been introduce by Shakespeare. The fool use to be a professional jester or clown whose function was to amuse the king by his jokes an witty remarks. The Fool enjoy a good deal of freedom to speak on any subject without any restraint. The object in introducing the Fool seems to have been to provide comic relief in the play. The Fool in King Lear has perhaps evoke much criticism than any other character in the play. The Fool comments at the Lear dignity from a kind of chronic counter part which add a depth any complexity to this tragic play. The first mention of the Fool comes when Lear who is pending his first month after giving a way. His entire Kingdom to his daughter, when he ask one of his Knights:
Where is my knave? My Fool, Go you and called my Fool Trither.
The Knight reply that, since Cordelia, departure from France, the Fool has much pined away. The r…

Paradise lost: Satan as the Hero of John Milton

Paradise lost: Satan as the Hero of John Milton 

Qualities of a HeroThe hero, as a rule, must be the central figure in the epic and the epic must be about him and his exploits. Moreover, apart from being sacrificing and altruistic, he must have a number of heroic qualities as physical courage, fearlessness, skill in the use of arms, intelligent, foresight, determination and persistence. Whether Satan is the hero of Paradise Lost or not depends on the presence of the above mentioned qualities in him. However to determine it, it is imperative to analyse deep into his character in order to look for the heroic qualities in him. 


The Idea of Satan as the Hero of Paradise LostThere can be no gained saying the fact that Satan is the hero of Paradise Lost, in-so-far as Book I and Book II are concerned. He dominates the first two books and towers head shoulders above in companions. He has a huge bulls like a Zeviathan, his shield has a circumference as blood as that of the Moon, and his spear is…

Restoration age and its Influences in Society

Restoration age: Influences to the social condition and English literature. 
The period from 1660 to 1700 is called as the Restoration Age . The Restoration of King Charles II in 1660 is known as the beginning of this era, the era of revolution and scientific invention. Which influences are reflected not only in the life of common people  but in  the literature of England. Three historical events - the Restoration of Charles II in 1660, the Romans Catholic controversy that raged during the later half Charles II's reign and the Restoration of the year 1688 deeply influenced the social life and the literary movements of the age. 


1. The Restoration The reign of Charles II produced a new taste or interest to the EnglishLiterature. The Restoration Period, declines the values of Puritan periods such as gravity, moral earnestness and decorum in all things. The natural instincts and the inborn urge for enjoyment which were suppressed in the previous era came to violent exhibition. The comm…