Skip to main content

What is Post Structuralism?

What is Post Structuralism?

Post Structuralism is a tale of twentieth century, in philosophy and literary criticism, which is difficult summarize but  generally defines itself in its opposition to the popular Structuralism movement which proceeded in 1950s and 1960s France. It is closely related to post modernism, although the two concepts are not synonymous. In post Structuralist approach to textual analysis, the reader replaces the author as the primary subject of enquiry and without a central fixtion on the author, post Structuralist examines other sources for meaning which are therefore never authoritative, and promise no consistency. A readers culture and society shares at least an equal part in the interpretation of a place to the cultural and social circumstances of the author. Some of the key assumptions of Post Structuralism includes-

  • The concept of self as a singular and coherent entity in a fictional construct and an individual rather comprises conflicting tension and knowledge claim. The interpretation of meaning of a text is therefore dependent on a readers own personal concept of itself. 

  • An author intended meaning is secondary to the meaning that the reader perceive and the literary text has no single purpose meaning or existence. 

  • It is necessary to utilise a variety of prospective to create a multi faceted interpretation of a text, even if this interpretation conflict with one another. 

Post Structuralism emerged in France during 1960s accompanied by a resurgence of interest in Feminism, Western Marxism, Phenomenology and Nihilism. Many prominent Post Structuralist such as Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault, Ronald Barthes were initially Structuralist but later came to reject most of structuralism's claim, particularly it's nation of the fixity of the relationship between the signifier and signified, but also over all grandness of the theory, which seemed to promise everything and yet not quite to deliver.

In 1966 Lecture 'Structure, Sign and Play' in the discourse of the human science, Derrida was one of the first to propose some theoretical limitation to structuralism and identified an apparent De-stabilising  or De-Centering in intellectual life which came to be known as Post Structuralism. Ronald Barthe in his 'The Death of the Author' argued that any literary text has multiple meanings and that the author was not the prime source of the works Semantic Content. In his another work elements of semiology he also advanced the concept of meta language, a systemised way of talking about concepts like meaning and grammar beyond the constraint of traditional language. 


Popular posts from this blog

Biographia Literaria: Analysis of Fancy and Imagination

Biographia Literaria: Analysis of Coldridge's Fancy and Imagination
The Term Fancy and ImaginationDuring the 17th century, the term 'Imagination' and 'fancy' has often enough been used in a vaguely synonymous way to refer to the realm of facing tale or make belief. Yet here and there the term 'Imagination'  had tended to distinguish itself from fancy and settled towards a meaning centred in the sober literalism of sense impression and the survival of these in memory. Such is the distinction between imagination and fancy. 

Imagination and fancy in Biographia literaria Coldridge differed from Wordsworth in his aim and purpose, he was more preoccupied with the psychological process which the imaginative creations becomes more vitally important than the poems themselves. Although Coldridge has been expected as the more articulate and theoretical sportsmen between the two poets, Coldridge  has attributed to his own belief to the poetical practice of Wordsworth. A…

Paradise lost: Satan as the Hero of John Milton

Paradise lost: Satan as the Hero of John Milton 

Qualities of a HeroThe hero, as a rule, must be the central figure in the epic and the epic must be about him and his exploits. Moreover, apart from being sacrificing and altruistic, he must have a number of heroic qualities as physical courage, fearlessness, skill in the use of arms, intelligent, foresight, determination and persistence. Whether Satan is the hero of Paradise Lost or not depends on the presence of the above mentioned qualities in him. However to determine it, it is imperative to analyse deep into his character in order to look for the heroic qualities in him. 

The Idea of Satan as the Hero of Paradise LostThere can be no gained saying the fact that Satan is the hero of Paradise Lost, in-so-far as Book I and Book II are concerned. He dominates the first two books and towers head shoulders above in companions. He has a huge bulls like a Zeviathan, his shield has a circumference as blood as that of the Moon, and his spear is…

King Lear: Analysis of the Fool, Storm and Reconciliation Scene

King Lear:Analysis of the Fool, Storm and Reconciliation Scene

King Lear - The FoolKing Lear is the only play in which as Fool has been introduce by Shakespeare. The fool use to be a professional jester or clown whose function was to amuse the king by his jokes an witty remarks. The Fool enjoy a good deal of freedom to speak on any subject without any restraint. The object in introducing the Fool seems to have been to provide comic relief in the play. The Fool in King Lear has perhaps evoke much criticism than any other character in the play. The Fool comments at the Lear dignity from a kind of chronic counter part which add a depth any complexity to this tragic play. The first mention of the Fool comes when Lear who is pending his first month after giving a way. His entire Kingdom to his daughter, when he ask one of his Knights:
Where is my knave? My Fool, Go you and called my Fool Trither.
The Knight reply that, since Cordelia, departure from France, the Fool has much pined away. The r…